Skeletal Surgery (Maxillomandibular Advancement)
What Is "MMA"?
Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) is a form of facial skeletal surgery that advances the jaws to expand the airway. All incisions are performed inside the oral cavity. Occasionally, there may be two inconspicuous incisions on the cheeks.
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
Occurs when a patient stops breathing during periods of sleep; usually as a result of blockage (obstruction) in the airway.
A very common condition caused by the obstruction of air into the lungs. The "extra" air gets redirected into the mouth, creating a vibration of the soft tissue of the palate.
Upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS)
A condition in which the upper airway is reduced during sleep, resulting in disturbed sleep; can lead to snoring, daytime sleepiness, cognitive impairment, un-refreshing sleep, and frequent arousals from sleep.